Recognising Abuse

Physical Abuse [/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.0.47″ text_font=”|on|||” background_size=”initial” background_position=”top_left” background_repeat=”repeat” text_orientation=”center” background_layout=”dark” module_alignment=”center” custom_padding=”|1em||3em”]Any non-accidental injury to a child, including shaking and excessive discipline. [/et_pb_text][et_pb_code]

Child Indicators

  • Unexplained physical injuries
  • Premature loss of teeth
  • Verbally reports abuse
  • Wary of adult contacts
  • Consistent anger, aggression, hyperactivity
  • Behavioural extremes
  • Role reversal
  • Developmental lags
  • Appears frightened of carer
  • Apprehensive when other children cry
  • Wears clothes to cover injuries
  • Seeks affection from any adult
  • Non-expression of his/her needs
  • Non-communicative

Carer Indicators

  • Seems unconcerned about child
  • Seems anxious and overwhelmed by their child’s needs
  • Takes a long time to get medical care for child
  • Gives inadequate explanation for the child’s injury
  • Takes child to a different doctor for each injury
  • Substance abuser
  • Disciplines the child too harshly
  • Describes child in a consistently negative manner
  • Has poor impulse control
[/et_pb_code][/et_pb_column][et_pb_column type=”1_2″ _builder_version=”3.0.47″ background_color=”#33ccff” parallax=”off” parallax_method=”on”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.0.47″ header_text_color=”#ffffff” background_size=”initial” background_position=”top_left” background_repeat=”repeat” text_orientation=”center” background_layout=”dark” module_alignment=”center” custom_margin=”1em||2em|”]

Sexual Abuse

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.0.47″ text_font=”|on|||” background_size=”initial” background_position=”top_left” background_repeat=”repeat” text_orientation=”center” background_layout=”dark” module_alignment=”center” custom_padding=”|1em||3em”]When someone involves a child in a sexual activity by using their power over them or taking advantage of their trust. [/et_pb_text][et_pb_code]

Child Indicators

  • Difficulty in walking or sitting
  • Torn, stained or bloody underclothing
  • Pain or itching in genital area
  • Bruises or bleeding in external genitalia
  • Venereal disease (especially in pre-teens)
  • Pregnancy
  • Foreign matter in bladder, rectum or urethra
  • Recurrent urinary tract infections
  • Aggressive, overt sexual behaviour
  • Drawing pictures of people with genitals
  • Cruelty to animals without physiological basis
  • Pre-mature knowledge of explicit sexual acts
  • Sleep disorders
  • Taking frequent baths
  • Starting fires
  • Poor peer relationships
  • Wary of physical contact, especially with an adult

Carer Indicators

  • Very protective or jealous of child
  • Extremely protective of family privacy
  • Encourages child to engage in prostitution
  • Substance abuser
  • Is geographically isolated
  • Lacks social/emotional contacts outside the family
  • Has low self-esteem
[/et_pb_code][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row make_fullwidth=”on” use_custom_gutter=”on” gutter_width=”1″ custom_padding=”0px|0px|0px|0px” custom_margin=”||0|” make_equal=”on” background_color_1=”#33ccff” background_color_2=”#99cc33″ admin_label=”row” _builder_version=”3.0.47″ background_size=”initial” background_position=”top_left” background_repeat=”repeat”][et_pb_column type=”1_2″ _builder_version=”3.0.47″ background_color=”#33ccff” parallax=”off” parallax_method=”on”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.0.47″ header_text_color=”#ffffff” background_size=”initial” background_position=”top_left” background_repeat=”repeat” text_orientation=”center” background_layout=”dark” module_alignment=”center” custom_margin=”1em||2em|”]

Neglect

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.0.47″ text_font=”|on|||” background_size=”initial” background_position=”top_left” background_repeat=”repeat” text_orientation=”center” background_layout=”d ark” module_alignment=”center” custom_padding=”|1em||3em”]The chronic failure to provide a child with the basic necessities for his or her proper growth and development. [/et_pb_text][et_pb_code]

Child Indicators

  • Consistent hunger & poor hygiene
  • Inappropriate dress
  • Chronically unclean
  • Consistent lack of supervision
  • Unattended physical / medical/dental needs
  • Often tired or listless
  • Abandonment
  • Underweight
  • Developmental lags
  • Bald spots on an infant’s head
  • Begging or stealing food
  • Extended stays in school
  • Early arrival/late departures at school
  • Attendance at school infrequent
  • Substance abuser
  • States there is no parent or carer

Carer Indicators

  • Has diagnosed chaotic, upsetting home life
  • Is apathetic, feels nothing will change
  • Is isolated from friends, relatives, neighbours
  • Cannot be found
  • Expects too much of a child
  • Substance Abuser
  • Exposes child to unsafe living conditions
[/et_pb_code][/et_pb_column][et_pb_column type=”1_2″ _builder_version=”3.0.47″ background_color=”#99cc33″ parallax=”off” parallax_method=”on”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.0.47″ header_text_color=”#ffffff” background_size=”initial” background_position=”top_left” background_repeat=”repeat” text_orientation=”center” background_layout=”dark” module_alignment=”center” custom_margin=”1em||2em|”]

Emotional Abuse

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.0.47″ text_font=”|on|||” background_size=”initial” background_position=”top_left” background_repeat=”repeat” text_orientation=”center” background_layout=”dark” module_alignment=”center” custom_padding=”|1em||3em”]Behaviour that destroys the confidence of a child resulting in emotional deprivation or trauma, including exposure to domestic violence, intimidation and withholding affection. [/et_pb_text][et_pb_code]

Child Indicators

  • Speech disorders
  • Lags in physical development
  • Failure to thrive
  • Attempted suicide
  • Habit disorders (sucking, biting, rocking etc)
  • Low self-esteem
  • Difficulty forming positive relationships
  • Elimination problems
  • Inability to trust
  • Neurotic Traits
  • Behavioural extremes
  • Overly adaptive behaviour
  • Apathetic
  • Withdrawal
  • Reports emotional maltreatment

Carer Indicators

  • Treat children in family unequally
  • Does not appear to care much about the child’s problems
  • Blames or belittles the child
  • Is cold and rejecting
  • Withholds love
  • Finds nothing good or attractive in the child
[/et_pb_code][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][/et_pb_section]]]>